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Waterfalls (236)

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Gluggafoss (also known as Merkjárfoss)
Gluggafoss (also known as Merkjárfoss) The Merkjá River has several beautiful waterfalls, but the most outstanding is Gluggafoss or Window Falls. (also known as Merkjárfoss) The upper half of the cliff is palagonite or tuff rock and the lower ledge is basalt. The river has formed tunnels and grooves through the soft rock and a series of 'windows' in the tunnels, thereby earning the name 'Gluggafoss'. At the very top of the falls, the river passes under a stone arch. As the rock is rather soft, the waterfall has changed over time. Around 1947 the upper half of the waterfall could hardly be seen, as the water flowed into a vertical tunnel behind the cliff. It was only visible through three different openings or 'windows' one above the other. The water came out through the bottom 'window', forming a beautiful arch, except when the water rose in the river, forcing it through all three windows. Further changes occurred when Hekla erupted in 1947, causing a 20 cm thick layer of volcanic ash to be carried downstream by the river. The vertical tunnel formation nearly disappeared as it filled with ash. It has taken nearly 50 years for the falls to return to its former glory. The Merkjá falls down a cliff that formed part of the Icelandic coast just after the last ice age.
Öxarárfoss Waterfall in Thingvellir National Park
Öxarárfoss Waterfall in Thingvellir National Park The waterfall Öxaráfoss (The waterfall in the Ax River) in the ravine Almannagjá at Þingvellir is one of the best-known waterfalls in Iceland, at least among Icelanders. Like everything related to Þingvellir and Almnnagjá the waterfall has a sentimental reference and historical value. It is an important place in our most precious and sacred place Þingvellir. It is positioned inside Almannagjá in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The waterfall is rather small, only about 20 meters high, but is an important part of the overall natural wonders in the Þingvellir National Park. Depending on the season, the waterfall may differ in volume as the source, the river Öxará or Ax river, is quite different from one season to the next. As strange as this may sound geologists and historians have discovered that the river Öxará was moved hundreds of years ago, to channel the water into the ravine Almannagjá in the ninth century. The purpose was to provide water for the members and visitors of the Icelandic parliament Althingi in the 9th century.
Ófærufoss Waterfall in the Highlands of iceland
Ófærufoss Waterfall in the Highlands of iceland The Ófærufoss waterfall can be found in central Iceland, and is situated in the Eldgjá chasm in the interior of the Eldgjá (Fire Gorge) area. Eldgjá is a 40 km long, 600 m wide (in some parts), and 200 m deep eruptive fissure that last erupted shortly after the Settlement period in 934. Ófærufoss is a distinctive and interesting two-tiered waterfall in the Nydri-Ófæru river that drops into Eldgjá Canyon in Skaftártunguafréttur. The lower falls were once spanned by a natural stone arch, but this collapsed into the river during a thaw in spring 1993. The waterfall cascades over the edge of the canyon in three stages and its upper area is bordered by a splendid arch. All the #PHOTOS you need from #Iceland More than 8.000 #Professional high resolution photos http://www.icestockphotos.com
Ljósárfoss Waterfall
Ljósárfoss Waterfall Ljósárfoss waterfall in the highland of Torfajökull (Glacier) Not many pictures are available of this waterfall as it is deep in the highlands of Iceland and it is rather difficult to get there.
Ljósárfoss Waterfall
Ljósárfoss Waterfall Ljósárfoss waterfall in the highland of Torfafellsjökull (Glacier) Not many pictures are available of this waterfall as it is deep in the highlands of Iceland and it is rather difficult to get there.
Ljósárfoss Waterfall
Ljósárfoss Waterfall Ljósárfoss waterfall in the highland of Torfafellsjökull (Glacier) Not many pictures are available of this waterfall as it is deep in the highlands of Iceland and it is rather difficult to get there.
Behind waterfall in the twilight
Behind waterfall in the twilight Behind Seljalandsfoss waterfall in the twilight – South Iceland
Lavafalls in Borgarfjord
Lavafalls in Borgarfjord Hraunfossar (Borgarfjörður, western Iceland) is a series of waterfalls formed by rivulets streaming over a distance of about 900 metres out of the Hallmundarhraun, a lava field which flowed from an eruption of one of the volcanoes lying under the glacier Langjökull. The waterfalls pour into the Hvítá river from ledges of less porous rock in the lava. The name hraun comes from the Icelandic word for lava.
Hjálparfoss Waterfall
Hjálparfoss Waterfall Hjálparfoss is one of several waterfalls in the south of Iceland situated in the lava fields north of the stratovolcano Hekla near the point where the rivers Fossá and Þjórsá join.
Big waterfall falling, canyon and landscape in autumn color
Big waterfall falling, canyon and landscape in autumn color The great waterfall Gullfoss in autumn colors