In many places along the coastline of Iceland driftwood has been washed ashore over a long period of time. Although the amount of driftwood varies from place to place it is found on almost every beach along the coast. Primarily it’s spruce (Picea), pine (Pinus) and larch (Larix sibirica) the majority of these trees originally stood along Siberian rivers such as the Ob and the Lena where they may have eroded from the shores or escaped from logging operations. Once at sea, the trees drift with the Arctic Ocean currents. It takes the trees 4-5 years to reach Iceland, travelling between 400 and 1000 km (250-620 miles) each year. The youngest dated sample indicates that it is possible for arctic driftwood to reach the coasts of Iceland in less than six years. Driftwood can only stay afloat for about ten months indicating that these trees are primarily carried by sea ice. Along the way, the wood becomes impregnated with so much salt from the seawater that it is hardened thus making it excellent for use in construction.
Driftwood has played an important role all around this otherwise woodless country ever since it was settled. The volume of this natural resource has been great during the centuries, but somewhat different between the years. It probably extended the inhabitancy of many remote areas, which were abandoned gradually during the first half of the 20th century. The wood was exploited for the building of abodes, boats, furniture, boat winches, food bowls, barrels and boxes and also for making charcoal. The cortex was dried and rolled up to light the fire in the stoves.
The driftwood as everything else, which drifts ashore, belongs to the landowners, who went to great lengths to protect these rights in the past. If they could not immediately move the wood they wanted to use, they marked the trunks or logs to prevent others from picking them up. The longer the trunks stay in the sea, the more saturated they get with salt and grow very hard and enduring as a c